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Swiss media professionals are often wrong in their assessment of media use

Goldbach Media and the Interessengemeinschaft elektronische Medien (IGEM), in cooperation with WEMF AG für Werbemedienforschung, conducted a study in fall 2021 on the media usage of marketing and media professionals (ad people) compared to the general population. Over 650 people took part in the online survey. The study aims to show Ad People, using concrete figures, whether their assumptions about general media usage differ from the actual usage of the population and to what extent they use the media differently.

Zurich, Nov. 9, 2021 - In August and September 2021, Goldbach Media and the Interessengemeinschaft elektronische Medien (IGEM) conducted the study "Media Bias: Media Use of Marketing and Media Professionals Compared to the Swiss Population" with more than 650 media professionals (ad people). The participants were asked about their media usage behavior as well as their assumption about general media usage. The questions on electronic media were taken from the IGEM Digimonitor questionnaire, so that there was comparability with the survey of media use by the population as a whole. For print usage, the MA Strategy was chosen as the comparative study.

Background and aim of the study

With the help of the study, IGEM and Goldbach Media want to use concrete figures to show whether and to what extent the media usage behavior of ad people and their assumptions about general media usage differ from the actual usage of the population. This is intended to start a discourse in the industry to become aware of the possibly distorted perception and its consequences in media planning.

Conclusion: Ad people are off by an average of 10 percentage points in their estimates

The media usage behavior of ad people differs in part significantly from that of the population as a whole, with ad people using media more on average. While both groups use traditional media (print, TV & radio) very heavily, newer media (streaming services, social media, messenger services, etc.) are used much more by Ad People. However, the usage behavior of ad people differs depending on age, professional experience and hierarchical level. The greater the professional experience and the higher the hierarchical level, the greater their use of classic media - the exact opposite is true for most newer media. The key finding of the study is that ad people are off by an average of 10 percentage points in their assessment of the media usage of the population as a whole: Underestimating classic media and overestimating newer media. These results underline once again why it is worthwhile to conduct media usage research and to use the data for marketing decisions.

Most important results and findings

Other usage patterns lead to distorted estimates, whereby classic media tend to be underestimated and newer media tend to be overestimated. This makes it all the more important to make fact-based decisions in media planning by drawing on research data.

  • When it comes to estimating usage, ad people are off by around 10 percentage points on average across all media offerings. There are significant differences depending on the medium.
  • For example, the use of traditional media tends to be underestimated.
  • The biggest difference between estimates and actual usage is in print. Here, the professionals are off by 35 percentage points (newspapers) and 39 percentage points (magazines). Translated to the total population, they thus underestimate 2.6 million users. For radio, it is 25 percentage points or 1.7 million users and for TV 18 percentage points or 1.1 million.
  • With the newer media offerings (especially social media platforms), it's just the opposite. Here, the professionals overestimate effective usage: TikTok by 19 percentage points (1.3 million users), Instagram by 15 percentage points (1 million users) and LinkedIn by 9 percentage points (approx. 600,000 users).

Ad people use significantly more media compared to the Swiss population as a whole. Classic media continue to be used heavily overall. However, ad people use these media less frequently than the population.

  • Ad people use significantly more media compared to the Swiss population as a whole.
    Classic media such as print (newspapers and magazines), TV and radio are used very heavily by both groups (ad people & total population). The majority of users of these media are far ahead of newer media offerings.
  • 94% of both groups use TV at least occasionally. However, in the general population, the frequency of use (65% daily use) is significantly higher than among Ad People (42%). Ad People, on the other hand, use time-shifted TV more (85% at least occasional use) than the general population (72%).
  • Radio use at least occasionally is again at a similar level in the overall population (91%) as well as among Ad People (89%). However, here too the frequency is significantly lower among ad people (45% daily use) than among the overall population (62%).
  • 100% of Ad People use the Internet daily, compared to 83% of the total population.
  • The clearest differences in users are found in print: newspapers and magazines achieve significantly higher user shares among the total population (newspapers: 75%, magazines: 77%) than among ad people (newspapers: 38%, magazines: 48%).

Ad People use newer media offerings and technologies significantly more than the overall population.

  • Among the overall population and the ad people, classic radio has significantly higher user shares than music streaming services. However, the latter are used at least occasionally to a much greater extent by the ad people than by the overall population: 35% of the overall population uses YouTube Music at least occasionally, while the figure for Spotify is 33%. Among ad people, significantly more use Spotify (75%) and YouTube Music (48%).
  • The same picture for moving image streaming services: the at least occasional use of YouTube is 68% among the total population, and 93% among ad people. The difference is even greater for Netflix: total population: 42%, ad people: 81%. In the area of moving images, however, the classic medium of TV also has the higher user shares among ad people than streaming services.
  • Ad people make very heavy use of social media platforms. For virtually all channels, they have higher values than the overall population for at least occasional use: LinkedIn (Ad People: 88%, total population: 26%); Instagram (85% / 37%); Facebook (84% / 45%); Pinterest (43% / 23%). Twitter, Tiktok and Snapchat also have higher user scores among Ad People.
  • Ad People use messenger services slightly more than the overall population. The main messenger service is WhatsApp (at least occasional use Ad People: 98%, total population: 84%). Alternative messenger services such as Telegram, Signal and Threema achieve user values of just under 20% among ad people.
  • In the case of video conferencing tools, it is also evident that a significantly larger proportion of Ad People use these tools: Microsoft Teams (Ad People: 89%, total population: 37%), Zoom (75% / 39%) and Google Meet (52% / 10%).
  • While the smartwatch (12%) and smart speaker (4%) are hardly used in the overall population, 29% of Ad People use a smartwatch and 11% a smart speaker.